Feb 22, 2023

Earthquake - The Oldest Ememy of Human Beings

The Name we listening daily aftwr happened in Turkey few days ago.
more than 14000 human beings lost their lives, lit of innocent people dies in mid night while sleeping as well as more than 20 billion financial loss of both as per some financial institutions.

Lot of heartbreaking stories and videos are spread in social media.
but can we and our government's taken this seriously?
This is big question?

We are daily claims we are upgraded, we update technologies, some of brilliant people's are trying to start new lives go on Moon and Marse.
But really is it needed for now?,
if still we are fully uneducated about our mother Earth?

You doesn't know about Mother Earth and Thinking about Marse and Moon, you know, It is really funny....

In single Earthquake thousands of people's are lost there lives then why we need to think on another planet.

We need to be make our technology protect our lives first at our home planet and think about other.

But After we claiming the technology is updated then How these happened?

All world is accepted that concrete houses are durable and safe. this is true but the thing is what we can update after this things happened.

Construction : 
All builder and developers on earth are claims that building is Earthquake proof structure only for sales purpose.

Before that analyze, all should think are we really build earthquake proof homes?
Who can did Audit on it?
what technology are we using to claims that structure is earthquake proof structure?

actually, Everyone is giving false commitments, flase claims. and any way all countries government's and goverment officers are not that much aware to serious ness of that things, due to this everyone is taking advantage of it.

Why all can not be able to understand that they are spending millions and billions of funds to build new buildings, but why they are really not working on real earthquake proof structures?

This questions reaised due to Some building still get stand in good position and some building get down from foundation without break single glass of building.

So, this is proven that concrete structure are strong but we need to work on foundation of building.

Actually some of scientists are working on it, and some civil structural engineers are aslo doing some practical of earthquake proof structure design.

Actually they are working on Joint of Foundation and Building.
This is the major affected part of any structure. if scientists and structural engineers get solutions on it, all counties government should be do it compulsory for all buildings.

This thing can be change the pictures.

Lot of peoples are claims that technologies are updated but we Earth given a chance to correct it.
Why human can do the updated technology if He can not be use to save his life?

The new technology of earthquake resistance structure is to make movable joint at Foundation and Main structure joint.
Scientist are doing research on it that to make prove this technology.

The main challenge is now a days we are already build more that 800 meters structure,

Think once, what will happen at this highrise building area, like New yark, Tokyo, Bijing, Singapore, Mumbai, Sydney, Melbourne, etc.

So actually this is very serious matter and all countries governments are keep away to adopt or upgrade new technology to reduce the risk of earthquake.

Earthquake Frequency Identification
On social media there are million of graphs, Predictions, and lot of articles arw viral about the frequency of earthquake is 7.8 Richter Scale.
Some of University are add this chapter for study but 

Can they study to fine solution to know the earthquake sign before 24 hrs. or 

how can we build 100% earthquake proof buildings?

No, one will take this initiative until some bigger worldclass celebrity lost there lives in any earthquake.

What technology We need to study?
Scientist Need to study on following things,

1. Firstly on the technology to avoid the collapse of building or structure. 
because practically we can not possible to avoid the Earthquake.

2. Make new technology which can be give us accurate prediction of Earthquake before minimum 24-48 hrs. because atleast we can save our lives.

3. Make new technology to check the structure is earthquake proof or not.

4. Make new technology affordable to everyone so anyone can use this without any compulsion.


Feb 21, 2023

Hand Railing Fabrication Work - Standard Operating Procedure


This standard operating procedure enumerates the scope of Fabrication work to be executed in Tower area as specified in the approved drawings and at places when instructed by the Tower-in-charge.


The respective Tower-in-charge is responsible to execute the work as per procedure.

Safety & protection:

PPEs like safety belts at height, helmets, safety goggles, ear plugs and hand gloves etc. should be used properly. 

Ensure the working area is kept clean for easy access.

Proper illumination to be provided during the work, if required.

Educate the workmen through pep-talk meeting. 

Hand Railing:
Preparatory Work:  

Check the material received at site is as per approved drawing and specifications.
Any member should be made up of full length. Do not accept railing with individual member made up by jointing two or more pieces by welding.

Check the filing of all welded joints is done correctly, welding burr is removed completely.

Check the top level of finish face of upward lump or beam where it is to be fitted. It should be in level with mild slope toward inside of terrace. 

Do correction for level required if any.
Place the railing in position with bushing (The minimum 12mm bush should be used), align it and mark the holes locations on wall and at sill for drilling.
Drill the holes at correct location.

Work Method:

Place the railing in position with bushing of correct size.

Use Pentagon nylon screws 10 x 125 mm to fix the railing on top of upward lump or beam.

For anchoring in wall use nut type Hilti Expansion fastener of 10 x 115 along with Hilti HVU M12 x 110 anchor adhesive capsule.

Check the depth of the hole drilled in wall by inserting fastener in it and mark it on fastener.

Clean the whole completely with blower and insert the Hilti HVU M12 x 110 anchor adhesive capsule in it.

To drive the anchor into hole, apply moderate pressure with rotary hammer drill. Switch off the hammer drill once the depth mark on anchor is reached.
Do check for its alignment after installation.

Do check for any visible damages to railing after completion of work