Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Material Constant and Unit Conversation

Material Constant and Unit Conversation

We need Material Constant on a daily basis when working on site. the following data is recorded for you to use daily working. please shear this data with your friends and engineers.


Important Engg Information to be kept for Record.:

1 Gunta = 121 Sq yards.
1 Gunta = 101.171 Sq Meter.
1 Gaj = 1 Yard
1 Yard = 36 inch
1 Yard = 3 feet
1 Yard = 0.9144 meter =1 meter.
1 sq Yard = 0.83612 Sq meter.
1 sq Yard = 9 sq feet.
1 Sq yard = 1296 Sq inch.
1 Meter = 1.0936 Yards.
1 Meter = 39.370 inch.
1 Meter = 3.280 feet.
1 Sq meter = 1.1959 Sq yard.
1 Sq meter = 1550 Sq inch.
1 Sq Meter = 10.763 Sq feet.
1 feet = 0.304 meter.
1 feet = 0.333 yards.

1 feet =12 inch
1 Sq feet = 0.111 Sq Yard.
1 Sq feet = 0.09290 Sq Meter.
1 Sq feet = 144 Sq inch.
1 inch = 2.54 cm.
1 Inch = 0.0254 meter.
1 Inch = 0.0277 yards.
1 Inch = 0.0833 feet.
1 Sq Inch = 0.00064516 Sq Meter.
1 Sq Inch = 0.00077160 Sq Yards.
1 Sq Inch = 0.00694444 Sq feet.
1 Acre = 4046.86 Sq Meter.
1 Acre = 4840 Sq yards.
1 Acre = 43560 Sq feet.



CONCRETE GRADE:

M5 = 1:4:8
M10= 1:3:6
M15= 1:2:4
M20= 1:1.5:3
M25= 1:1:2


CLEAR COVER TO MAIN REINFORCEMENT:

1.FOOTINGS: 50 mm
2.RAFT FOUNDATION.TOP: 50 mm
3.RAFT FOUNDATION.BOTTOM/SIDES: 75 mm
4.STRAP BEAM: 50 mm
5.GRADE SLAB: 20 mm
6.COLUMN: 40 mm
7.SHEAR WALL: 25 mm
8.BEAMS: 25 mm
9.SLABS: 15 mm
10.FLAT SLAB: 20 mm
11.STAIRCASE: 15 mm
12.RET. WALL: 20/ 25 mm on earth
13.WATER RETAINING STRUCTURES: 20/30 mm

WEIGHT OF ROD PER METER LENGTH:

DIA WEIGHT PER METER

6mm = 0.222Kg
8mm = 0.395 Kg
10mm = 0.616 Kg
12mm = 0.888 Kg
16mm = 1.578 Kg
20mm = 2.466 Kg
25mm = 3.853 Kg
32mm = 6.313 Kg
40mm = 9.865 Kg

AREA AND VOLUME PER UNIT

1 bag cement-50kg
1 feet-0.3048m
1 m-3.28ft
1 sq.m-10.76sq.ft
1 cu.m-35.28cu.ft
1 acre-43560 sq.ft
1 cent-435.6sq.ft
1 hectare-2.47acre
1 acre-100 cent-4046.724sq.m
1 ground-2400 sq.ft
1 unit-100 cu.ft- 2.83cu.m 1 square-100 sq.ft

1 M LENGTH STEEL ROD AND ITS VOLUME

V=(Pi/4)*Dia x Dia X L=(3.14/4)x D x D X 1 (for1m length) Density of Steel=7850 kg/ cub meter
Weight = Volume x Density=(3.14/4)x D x D X1x7850 (if D is in mm ) 
So = ((3.14/4)x D x D X1x7850)/(1000x1000) = D*D/162.27


DESIGN MIX:

M10 ( 1 : 3.92 : 5.62)

Cement : 210 Kg/ M 3
20 mm Jelly: 708 Kg/ M 3
12.5 mm Jelly: 472 Kg/ M 3
River sand: 823 Kg/ M 3
Total water: 185 Kg/ M 3
Fresh concrete density: 2398 Kg/M 3

M20 ( 1 : 2.48 : 3.55)

Cement : 320 Kg/ M 3
20 mm Jelly: 683 Kg/ M 3
12.5 mm Jelly: 455 Kg/ M 3
River sand: 794 Kg/ M 3
Total water: 176 Kg/ M 3
Admixture : 0.7%
Fresh concrete density: 2430 Kg/ M 3

M25 ( 1 : 2.28 : 3.27)

Cement : 340 Kg/ M 3
20 mm Jelly: 667 Kg/ M 3
12.5 mm Jelly: 445 Kg/ M 3
River sand: 775 Kg/ M 3
Total water: 185 Kg/ M 3
Admixture : 0.6%
Fresh concrete density: 2414 Kg/ M 3
Note: sand 775 + 2% moisture, Water 185 -20.5 =164 Liters,
Admixture = 0.5% is 100ml

M30 ( 1 : 2 : 2.87)

Cement : 380 Kg/ M 3
20 mm Jelly: 654 Kg/ M 3
12.5 mm Jelly: 436 Kg/ M 3
River sand: 760 Kg/ M 3
Total water: 187 Kg/ M 3
Admixture : 0.7%
Fresh concrete density: 2420 Kg/ M 3
Note: Sand = 760 Kg with 2% moisture (170.80+15.20)

STANDARD CONVERSION FACTORS

INCH = 25.4 MILLIMETRE
FOOT = 0.3048 METRE
YARD = 0.9144 METRE
MILE = 1.6093 KILOMETER
ACRE = 0.4047 HECTARE
POUND = 0.4536 KILOGRAM
DEGREE FARENHEIT X 5/9 – 32 = DEGREE CELSIUS
MILLIMETRE= 0.0394 INCH
METRE = 3.2808FOOT
METRE = 1.0936YARD
MATERIAL CALCULATION:

CEMENT IN BAGS

01. PCC 1:5:10 1440/5*0.45 129.60Kg 2.59
02. PCC 1:4:8(M 7.5) 1440/4*0.45 162.00Kg 3.24
03. PCC 1:2:4(M 15) 1440/2*0.45 324.00Kg 6.48
04. PCC 1:3:6(M 10) 1440/3*0.45 216.00Kg 4.32
05. RCC 1:2:4(M 15) 144/2*0.45 324.00Kg 6.48
06. RCC 1:1.5:3(M 20) 1440/1.5*0.45 32.00Kg 8.64
07. RCC 1:1:2(M 25) 370.00Kg 7.40
08. RCC M 30 410.00Kg 8.20
09. RCC M35 445.00Kg 8.90
10. RCC M40 480.00Kg 9.60
11. Damp Proof Course CM1:3,20mm tk 1440/3*0.022 10.56Kg 0.21
12. 2"tk precast slab M15 324*0.05 16.20Kg 0.32
13. 3"tk precast slab M15 324*0.075 24.30Kg 0.49
14. GC Masonry CM 1:7 1440/7*0.34 70.00Kg1.40
15. Brick Work CM 1:6 1440/6*0.25 60.00Kg 1.20
16. Brick Work CM 1:4, 115tk 1440/4*0.25*0.115 10.35Kg 0.21
17. Grano Flooring CC 1:1.5:3 1440/1.5*0.45*0.05 21.60Kg 0.43
18. Plastering CM 1:3, 12mm tk 1440/3*0.014 6.72Kg 0.13
19. Wall Plastering CM 1:4, 12mm tk 1440/4*0.014 5.00Kg 0.10
20. Laying Pressed Tiles Over a CM 1:4, 20mm tk 1440/4*0.022 7.92Kg 0.16
21. Ceramic Tiles, Marble, Granite, Cuddapah Slab CM 1:4, 20mm tk 1440/4*0.022 7.92Kg 0.16
22. Hollow Block Masonry CM 1:6, 200mm tk/m¬2¬ 10.00Kg 0.20 



SAND CALCULATION (CFT):

01. Any Concrete Work (PCC, RCC) 0.45*35.315= 20.00
02. Damp Proof Course CM `1:3, 20mm tk 1.00
03. 2"tk Precast slab M15 1.00
04. 3"tk Precast slab M15 1.50
05. SS Masonry in CM 1:7 15.00
06. Brick Work in CM 1:6 15.00
07. Brick Work in CM 1:4,115mm tk 2.00
08. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3 1.00
09. Plastering in CM 1:3, 12mm tk 1.00
10. Wall Plastering CM 1:4, 12mm tk 1.00
11. Laying Pressed Tiles over a CM 1:4, 20mm tk 1.00
12. Ceramic Tiles, Marble, Granite, Cuddapah slab CM 1:4, 20mm tk 1.00

METAL CALCULATION:

01. Any Concrete Work 32.00 cft
02. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3, 50mm tk 1.60cft
03. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3, 75mm tk 2.40cft
04. Grano Flooring in CC 1:1.5:3, 100mm tk 3.20cft
05. Bricks/cum 450.00 Nos
06. Size Stone/ cum 90.00 Nos
07. Rough Stone 10.00 cft
08. Bond Stone/ cum 10.00 Nos
09. Cement Paint/100 Sq Ft 2.00 Kg
10. White Cement/100 Sft 2.00 Kg
11. Janathacem/100 Sft 1.50 Kg
12. Enamel Paint/100 Sft - 2 Coats 1.25 Litre
13. Wall Putty/100 Sft 10.00 Kg
14. Plaster of Paris/100 Sft 25.00 Kg
15. Distemper/100 Sft 2.00 Kg
16. Cement Primer 0.60 Litre 0.40 Litre
17. Weathering Course Lime 12.50 Kg Brickbats 32.00 Kg
18. Providing Sand Gravel Mix- Cum Sand 20.00 Cft Gravel 40.00 Cft
19.WBM - 75mm tk - 1st Layer - 10 Sqm Metal(60-40 mm) 35.00 Cft Gravel 10.00 Cft
20. Pressed Tiles - Sqm 20.00 Nos
21. Hollow Block - 200mm tk 14.00 Nos

CONVERSION TABLE:

01. 1 RM 3.28 RFT
02. 1 Sqm 10.76 Sq Ft
03. 1 Cum 35.32 Cft
04. 1 Inch 2.54 cm
05. 1 sft 0.09Sqm
06. 1 Acre 0.04 Hectare
07. 1 Hectare 2.47 Acres
08. 1 Cft 0.028 Cum
09. 1 Feet 12.00 Inch
10. 1 Feet 0.305 M
11. 1 Cum 1000.00 Litre

UNIT WEIGHT:

01. Concrete 25 kN/m3
02. Brick 19 kN/m3
03. Steel 7850 Kg/m3
04. Water 1000 Lt/m3
05. Cement 1440 Kg/m3
06. 1 Gallon 4.81 Litres
07. Link 8" = 200mm
08. 1 Hectare 2.471 acres(10000m2)
09. 1 Acr 4046.82m2 = 100 cent


DEVELOPMENT LENGTH:

01. Compression 38d
02. Tension 47 & 60d
03. 1 Cent 435.60 Sft
04. 1 Meter 3.2808 ft
05. 1 M2 10.76 ft2
06. 1 Feet 0.3048m
07. 1 KN 100Kg
08. 1kN 1000N
09. 1 Ton 1000Kg = 10,000 N = 10 kN
10. 1 kG 9.81N

CEMENT PER CUM:

M5=2.54Bg/m3, 
M7.5=3.18Bg/m3, 
M10=4.32Bg/m3,
M20=8.64Bg/m3, 
M25=12.9 Bg/m3,
M40=500+100 Kg/m3
1m3 Concrete = 0.9 m3 Jelly + 0.55 m3 Sand + 0.225 m3

BRICK:

Weight = 3.17 - 3.80 Kg
Water absorption 12 to 15%
Compressive strength = 36 Kn/cm2
230mm Wall/m3 = 460 Bricks + 20 Cft Sand + 66 Kg Cement


Source: Social Media


Team
CBEC INDIA

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